This is a method by which therapy is administered from various angles to the patient's body. As a result, the treated tumor receives a higher dose of the radiation while the surrounding tissues receive only a minimal radiation dosage.
Thus, implementing this treatment method helps reduce the risk of side effects in the patients treated with this therapy. Typically you would be scheduled for one to eight treatment therapy sessions. Although you might hear the doctors using few related terms with Stereotactic radiotherapy, which could somehow be confusing to you, it could be either stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) or stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR).
Stereotactic Body Radiation
Stereotactic body radiation is a therapy that is performed on the body rather than the brain. The treatment procedure can also be called stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR).
The method of achieving this treatment is mainly done with the focus of radiation beams on the body parts affected by tumors. Treating tumors in body parts like the spine, lymph, lungs, liver, and other body’s soft tissues can be done through Stereotactic body radiation(SBRT). To easily target the affected body area, this procedure employs 3D imaging, which results in minor damage to the surrounding tissue of the treated body parts.
This is a non-surgical procedure performed on outpatients for the treatment of abnormalities and minimal brain tumors. This method can be used to effectively deliver precisely targeted radiation to the affected parts of the patients. Although it is a higher dose therapy than the typical traditional therapy, it also helps preserve the body tissue of the patients.
Besides, this treatment method can be referred to as stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) whenever used to treat body tumors in patients. Furthermore, as patients, it is ideal that you avoid eating or drinking any fluid after the stereotactic radiotherapy treatment, and you should also avoid taking medication for some hours.
Image-guided radiation therapy is a procedure that uses imaging during radiation therapy, thereby increasing treatment accuracy and precision. Most often, parts of the body that moves, such as the lungs, neck are treated with IGRT.
With the advanced technology of 3D imagining, which the radiation therapy machines are equipped with, doctors can now image the tumor before treatment begins. Besides, by comparing the reference images taken during the simulation process, the radiation beams can be precisely targeted towards the tumor for effective treatment. In addition, some of the IGRT procedure uses 3-D body surface mapping, MRI, fiducial markers, colored ink tattoos on the skin to improve the treatment.
This procedure is an advanced type of radiation therapy used to treat either cancerous tumors or noncancerous tumors. Another fantastic feature of intensity-modulated radiation therapy is that it helps to manipulate the proton and photon beams to conform to the tumor’s shape.
This radiation treatment method uses tiny photon or proton beams as the intensity is controlled using the targeted dose and reduces exposure of the body tissue to the radiation effect.
The primary goal of IMRT is designed to limit the side effects of the treatment that would occur.
Heart Sparing Breast Cancer Radiation
Patients who have left-sided breast cancer are prone to the risk of cardiovascular diseases after undergoing radiotherapy sessions. With the implementation of heart-sparing radiotherapy techniques, the risk of cardiovascular disease is lowered.
There are three ways by which heart sparing can be performed on patients, which includes: keeping the heart out of the treated volume, or by volumetric modulated arc therapy, or by implementing modern radiation techniques like intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT).
This therapy treatment method uses three-dimensional conformal radiation therapies; in addition, this includes imaging technology. A three-dimensional image of the patient’s tumor, tissues, and other close-by organs is produced for the doctor to understand what the treatment would look like.
Using the 3D CRT treatment has an enormous advantage over the typical radiation therapy as this method uses detailed information which assists the doctors in carrying out proper and effective treatment. As a result of the effectiveness of this treatment method, a more effective dosage of radiation can be used to treat cancer cells. At the same time, the surrounding tissues receive only a reduced amount of radiation.
Proton Beam Therapy
It is an advanced method of treating tumors in cancer patients. It uses a precise radiation treatment as compared to other treatment methods. It focuses its energy and radiation towards the tumor area and less radiation on the surrounding tissue or organs in the body. Besides, proton beam therapy is painless and does not interfere with your daily activities after a treatment session.
The schedule of treatment is often five days a week for several weeks of treatment. Although the proton beam treatment only takes a few minutes of the treatment session, the amount of time used in preparation and positioning for the treatment is very long.
This is a radiation treatment method used to treat cancer by placing radioactive material inside the patient’s body. The primary reason for putting the radioactive substance in the patient’s skin is to kill existing cancer cells and ultimately shrink tumors in the body.
This method gives doctors a chance to use a higher radiation dosage to treat a smaller cancer area quickly. When you are scheduled for this treatment method, your radiation oncologist would inform you how you can prepare adequately for the treatment. In addition, your radiation oncologist might use a computer program to schedule and plan your therapy session.
Concurrent and Adjuvant Chemotherapy
Here is a treatment procedure that is recommended for the treatment of advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (LA-NPC). It is a strategy used for controlling and decreasing the tumor size before any other primary treatment is implemented. Generally, nasopharyngeal carcinoma has been perceived to be a common type of cancer in the Asia region, most common in the head and neck area.
To treat this type of cancer, the Concurrent and adjuvant chemotherapy procedure is implemented. Besides, due to the location of these cancer cells, it is inoperable, and the best solution is radiotherapy.
Identifying and attacking specific cancer cells in the body can be easily achieved through targeted therapy. This treatment method employs the use of drugs and other substances. Targeted therapy can be combined with different types of treatment or be administered alone.
Some of the treatments it can be administered include surgery, standard chemotherapy, traditional treatment, or radiation therapy. As a patient, if your radiation oncologist has informed you that you would be undergoing targeted treatment, understanding what it entails and how it works would help you prepare for the treatment and ultimately help you improve your care.
Using your immune system to fight cancer cells is a type of cancer treatment referred to as immunotherapy. The immune system in the body assists your body in fighting infections and other diseases.
The immune system comprises the lymph system, white blood cells, organs, and tissues. Besides, immune therapy can also be considered biological therapy, which involves using substances from living organisms to help treat the cancer cells in the body. Aside from the immune system’s primary function, it also detects and destroys abnormal cells in the body, which is also an alternative way to kill the growth of cancer cells in the body.
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